If you have clients seeking a new health plan, consider presenting to them the option of opening a Medicare Savings Account. MSA’s are financially beneficial, easy to understand, and provide an optimal choice for clients aging in who seek the portability of a Medicare Supplement with $0 premium.
While MSA’s have been available since 2007, many states had not offered MSA’s until recently. Lasso Healthcare offers MSA’s in 27 states and has a YouTube video that explains some of their offerings, which can be viewed here. Minnesota opened up for MSA coverage with effective dates beginning on January 1 2020. Medicare MSA plans can provide Medicare beneficiaries with more control over health care utilization while still providing coverage against high health care expenses.
The first part of a Medicare MSA plan is a special type of savings account. Medicare pays a set amount of money to private companies that apply to offer these plans. The plan then deposits money from Medicare into the savings account at the beginning of each year. Enrollees cannot deposit their own money into the account.
- It is important to know both the deposit amount that will go into the savings account and the deductible amount of a plan before enrolling. Enrollees may use the account to help pay for health care, and then will also have to pay out of pocket for care until the MSA plan deductible is met, when coverage by the plan begins.
- Medicare Part A and Part B expenses count towards the MSA plan deductible. Enrollees can use their account to pay for any qualified medical expense, including for non-Medicare expenses. Account withdrawals are not taxed when used for “qualified medical expenses,” as outlined in IRS Publication 969. MSA enrollees need to file Form 1040 and Form 8853 annually to report account withdrawals. Non-Medicare expenses do not count towards the plan deductible.
- Enrollees would owe both income taxes and a 50% penalty on any savings account withdrawals that are used for non-medical expenses. Any money left in an account at the end of the year will remain in the savings account. If enrollees stay with the plan the following year, the new deposit will be added to any leftover amount. The deposit amount can change each year.
The second part of a Medicare MSA plan is a high-deductible Medicare Advantage Plan. MSA benefit packages must cover all Medicare Part A and Part B services. MSA plans may or may not have contracted providers, but MSA plans cannot restrict access to a network of providers.
- The plan will cover Medicare costs once an enrollee meets the yearly deductible. Only Medicare Part A and Part B expenses can count towards the plan deductible.
- Plans cover costs beyond an out-of-pocket spending limit (catastrophic coverage).
- Enrollees do not pay a plan premium to MSA plans. Plan enrollees are still required to pay their monthly Medicare Part B premiums to Medicare.
Other benefits that may be offered under Medicare MSA plans include:
- Information services to help enrollees shop for health care by comparing the cost and quality of providers.
- Coverage for additional benefits such as vision, hearing or dental at an optional additional cost to the member. These do not count towards the plan deductible.
What kind of prescription drug coverage do MSA’s cover?
MSA plans do not offer Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage. MSA enrollees can, however, join a stand-alone Medicare prescription drug plan (PDP) where MSA savings account withdrawals for Part D drug co-pays will count towards the PDP’s out of pocket spending limit known as TROOP
Who Can and Who Cannot Enroll?
Beneficiaries with both Medicare Part A and Part B can enroll in an MSA plan. The law provides that people who have other types of health insurance in addition to Medicare generally cannot enroll, and other groups as follows:
- If the beneficiary has health insurance coverage that would cover some or all of the MSA plan deductible, including benefits under an employer or union group health plan; health care benefits from the Department of Defense (TRICARE) or the Department of Veterans Affairs; or is a retired Federal government employee and part of the Federal Employee Health Benefits Program (FEHBP).
- If the beneficiary is eligible for Medicaid (a joint Federal and state program that helps with medical costs for some people with limited income and resources).
- If the beneficiary has End-Stage Renal Disease.
- If the beneficiary is currently receiving hospice care.
- If the beneficiary primarily lives outside the United States – 183+ days a year.
When Can People Enroll in a Medicare MSA Plan?
Beneficiaries can join a Medicare MSA plan either when they are first eligible for Medicare, or between November 15 and December 31 of each year during the Annual Election Period. Employer or union group members may be able to enroll or to disenroll during the year.
When Can People Disenroll from a Medicare MSA Plan?
Enrollment is generally for the full calendar year. Enrollees can leave their MSA plan between November 15 and December 31 of each year, effective January 1 of the next year. MSA enrollees cannot disenroll during the January 1 to March 31 period, as other MA enrollees can. The only other times MSA enrollees may disenroll during the year are during a special enrollment period if they move, become eligible for Medicaid, or under other special circumstances. If people disenroll during the year, a portion of the account deposit is returned to the plan.
For more information on MSA’s, click on either of the resources listed below:
- More information on Medicare Medical Savings Account (MSA) plans from medicare.gov
- Lasso HealthCare 2019/2020 Certification Training Guide